Java 8 or 11 provided by OpenJDK or Oracle. Eclipse OpenJ9 is not
supported, please make sure the
JAVA_HOME environment variable
points to a valid Java 8 or 11 installation.
macOS, Linux or Windows. Metals is developed on macOS and every PR is tested on Ubuntu+Windows.
Scala 2.13, 2.12, 2.11 and Scala 3. Metals supports these Scala versions 2.13.3, 2.12.12, 2.12.11, 2.12.10, 2.13.1, 2.13.2, 2.11.12, 2.12.8, 2.12.9, 2.13.0, 0.26.0-RC1, 0.25.0, 0.24.0 and 0.25.0-RC2. Note that 2.11.x support is deprecated and it will be removed in future releases. It's recommended to upgrade to Scala 2.12 or Scala 2.13
Install the Metals extension from the Marketplace.
Make sure to disable the extensions Scala Language Server and Scala (sbt) if they are installed. The Dotty Language Server does not need to be disabled because the Metals and Dotty extensions don't conflict with each other. However, if you want to work on Scala 3 code in a workspace that was previously opened with
Dotty Language Serveryou need to first remove
.dotty-ide-artifactbefore opening the workspace with Metals.
Next, open a directory containing your Scala code. The extension activates when
the main directory contains
build.sc file, a Scala file is
opened, which insludes
*.sc file, or a standard Scala
src/main/scala is detected.
Importing a build
The first time you open Metals in a new workspace it prompts you to import the build. Click "Import build" to start the installation step.
- "Not now" disables this prompt for 2 minutes.
- "Don't show again" disables this prompt forever, use
rm -rf .metals/to re-enable the prompt.
tail -f .metals/metals.logto watch the build import progress.
- Behind the scenes, Metals uses Bloop to import sbt builds, but you don't need Bloop installed on your machine to run this step.
Once the import step completes, compilation starts for your open
Once the sources have compiled successfully, you can navigate the codebase with goto definition.
Custom sbt launcher
By default, Metals runs an embedded
sbt-launch.jar launcher that respects
However, the environment variables
JAVA_OPTS are not respected.
Update the "Sbt Script" setting to use a custom
sbt script instead of the
default Metals launcher if you need further customizations like reading environment
Speeding up import
The "Import build" step can take a long time, especially the first time you run it in a new build. The exact time depends on the complexity of the build and if library dependencies need to be downloaded. For example, this step can take everything from 10 seconds in small cached builds up to 10-15 minutes in large uncached builds.
Consult the Bloop documentation to learn how to speed up build import.
When you change
build.sbt or sources under
project/, you will be prompted to
re-import the build.
Manually trigger build import
To manually trigger a build import, execute the "Import build" command through
the command palette (
Cmd + Shift + P).
Execute the "Run Doctor" through the command palette to troubleshoot potential configuration problems in your workspace.
Configure Java version
The VS Code plugin uses by default the
JAVA_HOME environment variable (via
find-java-home) to locate the
java executable. To override the default Java home location, update the "Java
Home" variable in the settings menu.
If this setting is defined, the VS Code plugin uses the custom path instead of
JAVA_HOME environment variable.
To globally configure
$JAVA_HOME for all GUI applications, see
this Stackoverflow answer.
If you prefer to manually configure Java home through VS Code, run the following command to copy the Java 8 home path.
/usr/libexec/java_home -v 1.8 | pbcopy
Custom artifact repositories (Maven or Ivy resolvers)
Use the 'Custom Repositories' setting for the Metals VS Code extension to tell Coursier to try to download Metals artifacts from your private artifact repository.
.jvmopts to set sbt options
sbt bloopInstall which resolves library dependencies. You can also provide a
custom sbt script (see 'Custom sbt launcher').
Metals uses Coursier to download
artifacts from Maven Central. To use Metals behind an HTTP proxy, configure the
-Dhttps.proxyHost=… -Dhttps.proxyPort=… in one of the
.jvmoptsfile in the workspace directory.
JAVA_OPTSenvironment variable, make sure to start
codefrom your terminal when using this option since environment variables don't always propagate correctly when opening VS Code as a GUI application outside a terminal.
- "Server Properties" setting for the Metals VS Code extension, which can be configured per-workspace or per-user.
Using latest Metals SNAPSHOT
Update the "Server Version" setting to try out the latest pending Metals features.
|0.9.2||15 Jul 2020 09:28|
|0.9.2+70-55f2fdfe-SNAPSHOT||03 Aug 2020 12:01|
Files and Directories to include in your Gitignore
The Metals server places logs and other files in the
.metals directory. The
Bloop compile server places logs and compilation artifacts in the
directory. Bloop plugin that generates Bloop configuration is added in the
project/metals.sbt file. Working with Ammonite scripts will place
compiled scripts into the
It's recommended to exclude these directories and file
from version control systems like git.
# ~/.gitignore .metals/ .bloop/ .ammonite/ project/metals.sbt
Show document symbols
Run the "Explorer: Focus on Outline View" command to open the symbol outline for the current file in the sidebar.
Run the "Open Symbol in File" command to search for a symbol in the current file without opening the sidebar.
As you type, the symbol outline is also visible at the top of the file.
Go to parent code lenses
Metals has the ability to display code lenses that, when invoked, will go to the parent class that contains the definition of the method or symbol. Unfortunately, it might cause some lag in larger code bases, which is why it is not enabled currently by default.
To enable the feature you need to modify the setting
Even without using the code lenses it's still possible to navigate the method hierarchy using two commands:
Metals: Go to super method- immediately goes to the parent of the method the cursor is pointing to
Metals: Reveal super method hierachy- displays the full method hierachy and enables to move to any parent, it is best used with the Metals Quick Pick extension.
You can also bind those commands to a shortcut.
Create new project from template
It is possible using Metals to easily setup a new project using the exiting giter8 templates.
This is an equivalent to the
sbt new command, which uses the same mechanism.
There is a great number of templates already available and it should be easy to find something for yourself.
To start the setup you can use the Metals: New Scala project command, which works as following:
Choose the template and then:
- Use the proposed templates.
- Choose "Discover more" and then choose from the list downloaded from the Giter8 wiki page.
- Input a custom Github repository following the
Navigate to the parent directory that you want to create your new project in.
Choose the name or accept the default one.
Choose whether to open a new window for the created project or use the existing one.
The same command will be invoked when clicking the "New Scala Project" button in the Metals view.
If you feel like a template should be included in the default displayed ones do not hesitate to create a PR or file an issue.
On type formatting for multiline string formatting
To properly support adding
| in multiline strings we are using the
onTypeFormatting method. The functionality is enabled by default, but you can
onTypeFormatting inside Visual Studio Code settings by checking
Editor: Format On Type:
Formatting on paste for multiline strings
Whenever text is paste into a multiline string with
| it will be properly
formatted by Metals:
This feature is enabled by default. If you need to disable/enable formatting on
paste in Visual Studio Code you can check the
Editor: Format On Paste setting:
Worksheets are a great way to explore an api, try out an idea, or code up an example and quickly see the evaluated expression or result. Behind the scenes worksheets are powered by the great work done in mdoc.
Getting started with Worksheets
To get started with a worksheet you can either use the
command and select Worksheet or create a file called
This format is important since this is what tells Metals that it's meant to be
treated as a worksheet and not just a Scala script. Where you create the
script also matters. If you'd like to use classes and values from your
project, you need to make sure the worksheet is created inside of your
directory. You can still create a worksheet in other places, but you will
only have access to the standard library and your dependencies.
After saving you'll see the result of the expression as a decoration at the end of the line. You may not see the full result for example if it's too long, so you are also able to hover on the decoration to expand the decoration.
Keep in mind that you don't need to wrap your code in an
object. In worksheets
everything can be evaluated at the top level.
Using dependencies in worksheets
You are able to include an external dependency in your worksheet by including it in one of the following two ways.
// $dep.`organisation`::artifact:version` style import $dep.`com.lihaoyi::scalatags:0.7.0` // $ivy.`organisation::artifact:version` style import $ivy.`com.lihaoyi::scalatags:0.7.0`
:: is the same as %% in sbt, which will append the current Scala binary version to the artifact name.
Coming from IntelliJ
Install the IntelliJ IDEA Keybindings extension to use default IntelliJ shortcuts with VS Code.
|Go to class||Go to symbol in workspace|
|Parameter info||Trigger parameter hints|
|Basic completion||Trigger suggest|
|Type info||Show hover|
|Extend Selection||Expand selection|